The accredited investor and the qualified buyer have two types of investor who generally invest in higher-than-average and higher risk investments.

Accredited Investors and Qualified Buyers are two types of investors who typically invest in above-average risky, higher-yielding investments. Despite this similarity between them, the criteria to be met to be an approved investor or a qualified buyer are vastly different. The main difference between an accredited investor and a qualified buyer is that a qualified buyer must have a net worth of at least $ 1 million, while an approved investor must have at least a net worth of $ 5 million.

Who is an accredited investor?

The following criteria must be met to be an accredited investor in accordance with the guidelines of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Have an individual net worth, or combined with a spouse, greater than $ 1 million.

Had an individual income, excluding any income attributable to the spouse, in excess of $ 200,000 in the previous two years, and should reasonably be expected to do the same this calendar year.

Had earned a joint income with the spouse of more than $ 300,000 in the previous two years and is reasonably expected to do the same in that calendar year

Types of investments accredited investors can invest in real estate funds, private companies or hedge funds.

Real estate funds

A type of mutual fund that invests in securities offered by public real estate companies

Private companies

They are generally small and medium enterprises. Investors can invest as business angels or venture capitalists. These investors often look for ways out once the business is established.

Hedge funds

It is a type of investment fund that invests in a range of securities using mutual funds with the expectation of higher returns. Usually, an investor needs to be an accredited investor to invest in hedge funds since the initial investment requirement can be as high as $ 1 million.

Calculating an investor’s net worth

Since the primary requirement to be classified as an accredited investor is to have net worth greater than $ 1 million, it is important for an investor to know what items should be included in calculating net worth. Net worth should be calculated as the difference between total assets and total liabilities. Important points to note are that the value of the investor’s primary residence cannot be included in the calculation of equity.


The mortgage or other loan on the residence does not count as a liability up to the fair market value (the price at which the buyer and seller are interested in making the transaction and have all the relevant information about the transaction) . If the value of the mortgage loan is greater than fair market value, the amount of the loan greater than fair market value should be considered a liability.Any increase in the loan amount within 60 days of your purchase of securities should be considered a liability.

Visit to find out more about what an accredited investor is in Singapore, as well as investment deals for them in Singapore.